Does the Bible talk about homosexuals?

Before we start: No the Bible does not talk about ‘homosexuals’. The word was only coined (in German) in 1869 and the collection of ideas if expresses in particular at of a sexual orientation may only have emerged a little earlier. Therefore, there is no way (in a simple straightforward sense) that the Bible writers could talk about ‘homosexuals’.

Enter Ed Oxford

Someone linked to a post by Ed Oxford, on the Gay Christian Blog Forge. His post has the title ‘Has “Homosexual” always been in the Bible?’ What interests (and perhaps incenses) him is the habit (beginning in the 1946 with the RSV) of Bible translators using this word to translate Hebrew or Greek terms. Ed is particularly taken with the translations in German and other Germanic languages beginning with Luther which render the term arsenokoites in two of the key New Testament passages (1 Cor 6:9-10 and 1 Tim 1:10) in ways which speak of the sexual abuse of boys.

Ed has a point, many Bible translators from 1946 onward have clearly allowed their own preconceptions to drive their translations in the search for relevance to say something the biblical authors would not have been saying.

Actually perhaps Ed could have (like Luther?) gone back to Jerome (4th C) Latin translation. Jerome rendered the key term in 1 Cor 6:9 as ‘masculorum concubitores‘. The concubitores bit poses few problems it refers to sleeping together (both literally and metaphorically). however mas = a man or male, the –culus suffix is usually some form of diminuitive, so (as Luther presumably assumed) the phrase could mean ‘those who sleep with little men = boys’. though masculus can refer to adult men, as Tyndale and others seem to have assumed.

What this information about English translations does is to warn us that the translation of these few key passages is far from simple and straightforward.

If you want a simple and straightforward presentation of the key passages from a gay affirming perspective you could do worse than the short post by Justin Cannon on GayChurch.org titled ‘The Bible, Christianity and Homosexuality‘. Personally I am finding the affirming case stronger and the ‘traditional’ case weaker as time passes. Maybe I’ll have to actually read Loader’s more solid work one day to convince me!